SOAP VS REST Web Services

SOAP VS REST Web Services

Web Service is a way of communication using which two different machines can interact over a network.

Mainly there are two type of Web Services:

1)  SOAP

2)  REST

So, In this article, we will learn about a few major differences between SOAP and REST API. Although both have a few advantages and disadvantages compared to each other although in this article we will look into a few major differences.

SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol.

REST stands for Representational State Transfer
SOAP is an XML based message protocol.

REST is an Architectural Style Protocol.
SOAP only supports XML
REST supports different format like HTML,JSON,Text,XML etc.

SOAP message consists of an envelope which includes SOAP headers and body to store the actual information we want to send it.

REST uses HTTP build in headers with a variety of media types to carry metadata information.
SOAP Required more bandwidth and resource as messages contain a lot of information inside it.

REST Required less bandwidth and resource as it only consist of JSON Format.
SOAP defines a standard which needs to be rigorously followed.

REST does not define too much standard.

SOAP can’t use rest because it’s a protocol.

REST can use SOAP web services because it’s a concept and can use any protocol.
SOAP uses WSDL for communication between consumers and providers.

REST uses XML Or JSON to send/receive data.
SOAP does not return result in human editable format.

REST Result is readable in plain JSON Or XML Format.
SOAP performance is not great hence less preferred.

REST performance is much better compared to SOAP.



My Name is Ankur Jain and I am currently working as Automation Test Architect.I am ISTQB Certified Test Manager,Certified UI Path RPA Developer as well as Certified Scrum Master with total 12 years of working experience with lot of big banking clients around the globe.I love to Design Automation Testing Frameworks with Selenium,Appium,Protractor,Cucumber,Rest-Assured, Katalon Studio and currently exploring lot in Dev-OPS as well. I am currently staying in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Please Connect with me through Contact Us page of this website.

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