Gradle vs Maven Comparison

Gradle vs Maven Comparison

In this article, we will be looking into few major yet important differences 
between two of the most popular build tools Gradle and Maven.

Before starting comparison let’s understand in brief about both of them.


Apache Maven is a software project management and comprehension tool. Based on the concept of a project object model (POM), Maven can manage a project's build, reporting, and documentation from a central piece of information.

Few of the important features of Maven are:

ü Simple project setup that follows best practices - get a new project or module started in seconds.

ü Consistent usage across all projects - means no ramp-up time for new developers coming onto a project.

ü Superior dependency management including automatic updating, dependency closures (also known as transitive dependencies)

ü Able to easily work with multiple projects at the same time

ü Extensible, with the ability to easily write plugins in Java or scripting languages

ü Instant access to new features with little or no extra configuration


Gradle is a general-purpose build tool designed for multi-project builds. Basically, Gradle combines the best parts of established tools like Ant and Maven.

Gradle is the official build tool for Android and was chosen by Google for its extensibility. It’s currently one of the most popular Java build tools, along with Maven and Nexus.

Some of the key features of Gradle include:

ü Declarative builds and build-by-convention − Gradle is available with separate Domain Specific Language (DSL) based on Groovy language. Gradle provides a declarative language element. Those elements also provide build-by-convention support for Java, Groovy, OSGI, Web and Scala.

ü Language for dependency-based programming − The declarative language lies on a top of a general-purpose task graph, which you can fully leverage in your build.

ü Structure your build − Gradle finally allows you to apply common design principles to your build. It will give you a perfect structure for the build, SO that you can design well-structured and easily maintained comprehensible build.

ü Deep API − Using this API it allows you to monitor and customize its configuration and execution behavior to its core.

ü Gradle scales − Gradle can easily increase their productivity, from a simple and single project, builds to huge enterprise multi-project builds.

ü Multi-project builds − Gradle supports for multi-project builds and it supports partial builds. If you build a subproject Gradle takes care of building all the subprojects that it depends on.

Below is the list of a few major differences between Gradle and Maven.


An open source build automation tool that is built on concepts of Apache Ant and Apache Maven.

It is compressive software project management tool used primarily for project build automation using Java.
Written in Java, Kotlin and Gradle.

It is written in Java.
Gradle Build time is short and fast.

Maven performance is slow as compared to Gradle.
Gradle Scripts are much short and cleaner.

Maven scripts are a bit lengthy as compared to Gradle.
It uses Domain-specific language (DSL)

It uses XML
It is based on the task using which work is performed.

In maven goals are defined which is linked to the project.
It supports incremental compilations of java class.

It does not support incremental compilations.



My Name is Ankur Jain and I am currently working as Automation Test Architect.I am ISTQB Certified Test Manager,Certified UI Path RPA Developer as well as Certified Scrum Master with total 12 years of working experience with lot of big banking clients around the globe.I love to Design Automation Testing Frameworks with Selenium,Appium,Protractor,Cucumber,Rest-Assured, Katalon Studio and currently exploring lot in Dev-OPS as well. I am currently staying in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Please Connect with me through Contact Us page of this website.

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